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NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTION (NPOP)

NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTION

 

Organic products are grown under a system of agriculture without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides with an environmentally and socially responsible approach. This is a method of farming that works at grass root level preserving the reproductive and regenerative capacity of the soil, good plant nutrition, and sound soil management, produces nutritious food rich in vitality which has resistance to diseases.

 

  APPENDIX 1 ORGANIC CROP PRODUCTION

20

1. Crop production plan

20

2. Conversion requirements

21

3. Duration of Conversion Period

21- 22

4. Landscape

22-23

5. Choice of Crops and Varieties

23

6. Diversity in crop production and management plan

23-24

8. Pest, Disease and Weed Management

25-26

9. Contamination Control

26-27

10. Soil and Water conservation

27

11. Collection of non cultivated material of plant origin/forest produces      

27-28

Annex 1 Products  for use in fertilizing and soil conditioning

29-31

Annex 2 Products for plant pest and disease control

32-34

Annex 3 Procedure to evaluate additional inputs to organic agriculture

35-39

  APPENDIX 2 ORGANIC LIVESTOCK, POULTRY & PRODUCTS

40

1. Scope

40

2. General Principles

40

3. Organic Management Plan

41

4.Choice of breeds, Source and Origin

41-42

5. Livestock Identification and Animal Record Keeping

42

6. Housing Management

43-46

    6.1 Special Conditions for mammals

44

    6.2 Special Conditions for Poultry

45

    6.3 Special Conditions for Silkworms

46

    6.4 Special Conditions for Rabbits

46

7. Conversion Period for Animal Production

47

    a. Bovine including Buffalo

47

    b. Ovine and caprine (sheep & goat)

48

    c. Pig

48

    d. Small mammals (such as Rabbits)

48

    e. Poultry

48

8. Feed

48-51

    8.1 General criteria for feed stuff and nutritional criteria

49

    8.2 Specific criteria for feedstuff and nutritional elements

50

    8.3 Specific criteria for additives and processing aids

50

9. Health care

51-53

10. Breeding and Management

53

11. Manure and urine excreta management

54

12. Transport

55

13. Slaughter of the animals

56-57

Annex 1 Minimum surface area indoors & outdoors and other characteristics of housing in different species and types of production

58

Annex 2 Permitted list of feed materials, feed additives & processing aids for animal nutrition

59-68

Annex 3 Enzymes and their sources permitted for use in Animal/Poultry

69-70

Annex 4 List of diseases for herd/flock diagnosis

71

Annex 5 Antibiotic/antibacterial withdrawal period

72-73

Annex 6 Products authorized for cleaning and disinfection of livestock buildings and installations

74

  APPENDIX 3 ORGANIC BEE KEEPING/APICULTURE

76

1. Choice of breed/strains

76

2. Conversion period

76

3. Hiving the Honey Bees

76-77

4. Apiary Management

77-78

5. Feed

78

6. Health care

78

7. Breeding and management

78-79

8. Periodic cleaning

79

 9. Record keeping

79

10. Transport /migration

79-81

11. Production extraction

81-82

12. Extraction of honey

82

13. Extraction of beeswax

83

14. Crop pollination

83

15. Conservation of bee Flora

83

Annex 1 List of notifiable honey bee diseases

84

Annex 2 Approved products in beekeeping for Disinfestations/cleaning/disease-pest control

85

  APPENDIX 4 ORGANIC AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION

86

1. Organic management plan

86

2. Conversion period

86-87

3. Ecosystem management

87-88

4. Selection of site

88

5. Choice of breeds and strains

89

6. Source of seed and breeding

89-91

7. Culture practices

91

8. Pond preparation

91

9. Stocking

91-92

10. Pond management

92-93

11. Bivalve farming

93

12. Supplementary feeding

94-95

13. Health management

95

14. Harvest and transportation

95

15. Processing

96

16. Mandatory visit for the accredited Certification Bodies

96

Annex 1Classification of water bodies for bivalve farming

97

Annex 2 Approved list of Aquaculture inputs

98-99

Annex 3  Prohibited list of Aquaculture inputs

100

Annex 4  List of prohibited antibiotics and pharmalogically active substances for aquaculture

101

Annex-5 List of permitted and prohibited substances for use in aquaculture processing

102

  APPENDIX 5 ORGANIC FOOD PROCESSING AND HANDLING

103

1. Specific requirements

103

2. Pest and disease control

104

3. Ingredients

104-105

4. Processing Methods

105-106

5. Packaging

106

6. Labeling

106

    6.1 Labelling requirements

106

    6.2 Processed products

107-108

7. Storage & Transport

108

Annex 1 (a) Food Additives Including Carriers for Use in Production of Processed Organic Food

109-110

Annex 1 (b)   Processing Aids and other products for use for processing of ingredients of Agricultural Origin from organic production

111-112

Annex 2      Approved Products for Packaging of Organic Food Stuffs

113

CHAPTER -4

ACCREDITATION OF CERTIFICATION BODIES

4. ACCREDITATION CRITERIA

114

4.1 Categories for accreditation

114

4.2 General criteria and principles

115

4.2.1 Legal entity/organization structure

115-116

4.2.2 Management

117

4.2.3 Quality System

117-118

4.2.4 Competence

118-119

4.2.5 Independence

119

4.2.6 Accountability and responsibility

119

4.2.7 Objectivity

119-120

4.2.8 Credibility

120

4.2.9 Internal Audits and management review

120

4.2.10 Public information

120-121

4.2.11 Documentation and document control

121-122

4.2.12  Confidentiality

122

4.2.13   Participation

123

4.2.14 Non-discrimination

123

4.2.15 Personnel

123

4.2.16  Sub-contracting

123-124

4.2.17  Conflict of interest

124

4.2.18 Other functions

124-125

4.2.19 Annual reports

125

4.3 Inspection and Certification

 

4.3.1 Inspection and certification procedures

125

4.3.1.1 Inspection

126-128

4.3.1.2 Inspection methods and frequency

128-129

4.3.1.3 Risk Assessment

129

4.3.1.4 Analysis and residue testing

129-130

4.3.1.5 Inspection of parallel production of farms

130-131

4.3.1.6 Inspection of processing units

131-132

4.3.1.7 Inspection of grower groups

132-133

4.3.1.8 Inspection of wild product collection

133

4.3.1.9 Inspection of all stages in handling

133

4.3.1.10 Inspection of packed products

134

4.3.1.11 Inspection of storage facilities

134

4.3.1.12Inspectionof of transport facilities

134

4.3.1.13 Inspection of chain of custody

134

4.3.1.14 Inspection for detection of use of Genetically engineered products

134-135

4.4 Certification

135

4.4.1 Certification procedure

135- 136

4.4.2 Re-certification

136

4.4.3 Certification decisions

136

4.4.4  Disciplinary measures and sanctions

136-137

4.4.5 Withdrawal of certification

137

4.4.6 Certification records and reports

137

4.4.6.1 Contract with operator

137

4.4.6.2 Operator files

137-138

4.4.6.3 Records

138- 139

4.4.6.4 Marks and certificates

139

4.4.6.5 Scope Certificate

139

4.4.6.6 Transaction certificate

139-140

4.4.7    Certified operators

140

4.4.7.1 Information to the operators

140

4.4.7.2 Records and documentation maintained by the certified operator

141

4.4.7.3 Complaints record

141

4.4.7.4 Appeal record

141

4.4.8    Input approval off farm inputs

141

4.4.9    Approval of commercial inputs

141-142

4.4.10  Shifting of operators

142

4.4.11  Exchange of information

142

4.5 ACCREDITATION PROCEDURE

143

4.5.1 Application for Accreditation

143

4.5.2  Documentation Review

144

4.5.3  Evaluation

144-145

4.5.4 Conformity report

145-146

4.5.5 Review of evaluation report

146

4.5.6 Review of assessment report and decision by the NAB

146-147

4.5.7 Grant of accreditation

147

4.5.8 Accreditation contract

147

4.5.9 Certificate of accreditation

147

4.5.10  Tracenet

148

4.5.11 Annual Surveillance and review evaluation of accredited certification bodies

148

4.5.12 Renewal of accreditation

148- 149

4.5.13 Complaints

149

4.5.14  Sanctions

149

4.5.15 Categories of offences

150

4.5.16 Categories of sanctions

150

4.5.17 Procedure to be followed for imposing sanctions

150- 151

4.4.18 Penalties not to interfere with other punishment

151

4.4.19 Appeal

151-152

4.4.20  Reciprocity

152

4.4.20.1 National

152

4.4.20.2 International

152

  Annex-1 Conditions for imposing sanctions

153-155

CHAPTER -5

GUIDELINES FOR CERTIFICATION OF GROWER GROUPS

5.1 Scope

156

5.2 Constitution of the ICS

157

5.3 Internal control system (ICS)

157-158

5.4 How to develop an ICS

158

5.4.1 Internal Control System Manager (ICS Manager)

158-159

5.4.2 Internal inspectors

159

5.4.3 Approval manager/committee

159

5.4.4 Field officers

159

5.4.5 Purchase officer

159

5.4.6 Warehouse manager

159

5.4.7 Processing manager

160

5.5 Internal Standards

160

5.6 Conflict of interest

160

5.7 Scope of certification

161

5.8 Trade

161

5.9 Procedures for implementation of Internal Control System

161

5.9.1 Registration of members

161

5.9.2 Provision of documents to the members of the grower group

161

5.9.3 Provision of exit of members from grower groups

162

5.10 Operating Document

162-163

5.10.4.1 Critical control points for risk assessment

163

5.11 Internal Inspection

163-164

5.12 Internal Approvals

164

5.13 External inspections by accredited Certification Bodies

164

5.13.1  Sampling plan

164-165

5.13.2 Risk assessment

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